Vulnerable Children Act requirements
The Vulnerable Children Act 2014 was part of a series of comprehensive measures brought in to protect and improve the wellbeing of vulnerable children.
Here you'll find information and resources for employers, organisations and individuals relating to the act.
What are the safety checking regulations?
On 1 July 2015 safety checking regulations for the children’s workforce came into force.
The regulations require all paid people who work with children for government-funded organisations to be safety checked, and to have these safety checks updated every three years. This also applies to unpaid people working with children as part of an educational or vocational training course.
The new safety checking regulations will make it easier to identify the small number of people who are a risk to children.
Employers are accountable for ensuring safety checks are done, even if someone is doing it on their behalf. This is about more than checking criminal histories. It involves a careful process of information gathering and assessment that includes confirming identity, interviews, checking referees, and considering risk.
Who has to be safety checked and when
The new safety checking regulations apply to organisations that receive government money to provide regulated services to children. These organisations will need to safety check anyone they pay to work with children. Roughly 280,000 people meet this definition, including roles for schools, early childhood services, school bus services, public hospitals, medical practices belonging to primary health organisations, publicly funded providers of social or support services, and providers of services approved under legislation to work with children.
Who doesn't have to be safety checked?
The new requirements don’t apply to volunteers, unless the volunteering is part of an educational or vocational training course (e.g. a student teacher at a school as part of an education qualification).
Businesses, unfunded non-government organisations, and voluntary organisations are encouraged to adopt the new standards voluntarily.
Privately employed children’s workers like nannies and babysitters don’t need to be safety checked. The requirements also don't cover parents, guardians, or people with care of a child receiving funding to secure services for their child.
For example, you could be employing a person to care for a disabled child with funding from the Ministry of Health. However, you may find our guidelines helpful when seeking safe people for these roles.
Self-employed children’s workers
The Vulnerable Children Act 2014 applies to some, but not all, self-employed persons or sole practitioners:
- If they are contracted by a state service, they'll need to be safety checked by that state service
- if they are contracted by an organisation that receives funding from a state service to provide regulated activities, the funded organisation is required to ensure safety checking is done.
The second requirement may also capture a small number of self-employed or sole practitioners who have formed separate legal entities, and are employed or engaged by them (for example, companies where a practitioner is both employed by the company and its sole shareholder).
This can create a situation where there is a conflict of interest or no clear person positioned to do the required safety checking.
Core and non-core children’s workers
The Vulnerable Children Act creates two types of children’s worker: core children’s workers and non-core children’s workers.
Core children’s workers are employed by the state sector or government funded organisations to provide regulated services. In the course of that work, the person is either:
- the only person present; or
- is the children’s worker who has primary responsibility for, or authority over the child or children present.
Examples of roles that may meet this definition are doctors, teachers, nurses, paediatricians, youth counsellors and social workers.
'Non-core worker' simply means a children’s worker who is not a core worker. Examples of roles that may meet this definition are: non-teaching school workers, general hospital workers and many social and health workers. If you are still unsure you should talk to your employer or seek independent legal advice.
Safety checking requirements phases
The required children’s worker safety check is the same for 'core' or 'non-core' workers. The difference is the requirements come into force earlier for core children’s workers.
Safety checking phases-in over three to four years, to give organisations time to comply:
- From 1 July 2015 new core children’s workers starting a job or contract must be safety checked before they start work.
- From 1 July 2016 new non-core children’s workers starting a job or contract must have been safety checked before they start work.
- By 1 July 2018 existing children’s core workers (i.e., those currently employed or contracted) must have been safety checked.
- By 1 July 2019 all existing non-core children’s workers must have been safety checked.
Safety checking for local authorities
From 1 September 2016 local authorities (and the organisations they fund) are legally required to ensure core children’s workers starting a new job are safety checked.
Local authorities’ phases
The phased safety checking requirements for local authorities (and the organisations they fund to provide children’s services) will be:
- From 1 September 2016 new core children’s workers starting a job or contract must be safety checked before they start work.
- From 1 September 2017 new non-core children’s workers starting a job or contract must be safety checked before they start work.
- By 1 September 2019 existing children’s core workers (ie those currently employed or contracted) must have been safety checked.
- By 1 September 2020 all existing non-core children’s workers must have been safety checked.
New regulated services
Local authority representatives helped compile the new regulated services for their organisations. Schedule 1 of the Vulnerable Children Act has been updated to include local authority services, for the following types of services:
1. Social and support services, including (but not limited to) mentoring and counselling services, and community outreach, advocacy and engagement services
2. Education services, including (but not limited to) learn-to-swim programmes and digital literacy programmes
3. Services provided at community facilities, including (but not limited to) sports and recreation centres, libraries, swimming pools, galleries, and community centres
4. Services provided in public environments, including (but not limited to) surf and beach patrols, skate park guardians, and road safety coordinators.